DNA test in France

France is the country with the most restrictive legislation regarding DNA testing, yet it is not prohibited,  only highly regulated. Thus, legal DNA tests in the context of legal proceedings are authorized, while curiosity DNA tests are not. We will see in this article the laws in force in France around the use of DNA, but also the real conditions of this practice.

What does the law say about DNA testing?

A DNA test abroad

After having seen the specificities of the French legislation, we can notice that in principle, nothing prohibits a French national from doing a DNA test in a foreign country.

Article 16-11, modified by ordinance n ° 2019-964 of Sept 18, 2019 - Civil Code

The identification of a person by his genetic fingerprints can only be sought:

- As part of investigative or investigative measures carried out during legal proceedings,

- For medical or scientific research purposes,

- For the purpose of establishing, when it is unknown, the identity of deceased persons,

- Within the framework of the defense code

In civil matters, this identification can only be sought in execution of an investigative measure ordered by the court seized of an action tending either to the establishment or dispute of a parentage bond, or to obtaining the abolition of subsidies. The consent of the interested party must be previously and expressly obtained. Unless the express consent given belongs to a person that is still alive, no identification by genetic fingerprints can be carried out after death.

When the identification is carried out for medical or scientific research purposes, the person's consent must be obtained in writing prior to carrying out the identification, after having been duly informed of its nature and purpose. The consent includes the purpose of the identification. It is revocable without form and at any time.  More info

Article 16-11, modified by ordinance n°2019-964 of 18 Sept 2019 - Civil Code

Article 16-12, amended by law n ° 2004-800 of August 16, 2004 - Civil Code

Only persons authorized to carry out identification by genetic fingerprints have been approved under conditions set by decree of the Council of State. In the context of legal proceedings, these persons must also be included on a list of judicial experts.

Article 16-12, modified by law n°2004-800 of August 16, 2004 - Civil Code

What can happen to me if I order a DNA test on French soil?

Very often the sanction will not be there, because customs do not focus on the interception of sample kits to define whether your situation concerns a legal test or not. Thus the possibilities of prosecution are almost zero because the investigative procedure requires too much involvement for sanctions that can often be acquitted. As a result, the seizure by the customs services of a kit made out to your address may lead you in rare cases to pay a simple fine.

DNA test procedure

order-paternity-test-online

Order your DNA test kit on the laboratory website

home-dna-kit

Receive your DNA kit

dna-smaple-collection

Take the samples

send-dna-sample-laboratory

Send your samples

result-paternity-test

Receive your results

by email

 

The Paternity DNA test determines the likelihood that a man is the biological father of a child. The test can be done after the birth of the child with oral samples and/or non-standard samples. Those tested include a child, alleged father and mother.

What is a Paternity test?

Genetic laboratory

The choice of the laboratory is a very important step when you want to do a DNA test. You should know that not all laboratories offer the same services and depending on several factors it is better to make the choice that suits you.

You must choose a laboratory according to:

- Your family situation and available participants

- The confidence that the laboratory inspires through customer feedback

- The transparency of the company concerning its activities and your expectations

How to choose a reliable Laboratory?

Test de Paternité
EasyDNA
EDC
MyADNLab
Force ADN
DNA Solution
Prix
169€
149€
169€
139€
159€
Délais
3 - 5 jours
2 jours
5 jours
8 jours
5-10 jours
Participant supplémentaire
+100€
+90€
+99€
+95€
+99€
Echantillon non standard
+75€
+90€
59€
+110€
+75€
Inclure la mère
Gratuit
Gratuit
+49€
Résultat en Express
+69€
+90€
+149€

- 3 to 5 days using mouth swabs for all participants

- 10 days minimum if one of the participants uses non-standard samples

 

 

This delay is calculated from the moment your samples arrive at the laboratory. Transport time is not taken into account.

What are the analysis times for a Paternity test ? 

The reliability of the DNA Paternity test depends on several factors:

- The quality of the samples

- Laboratory accreditation

- The choice of the test according to the family situation

How reliable are the results of a relationship Test ?

Which sample can I use?

Choosing the sample is an important step in doing a DNA test . In general, laboratories recommend the use of oral swabs. But depending on the situation it can be difficult and the choice of another type of sample should be considered. But be careful, there are conditions to be respected so that the sample provides enough genetic information for your DNA test .

Can I protect my genetic data ?

The answer is yes, you can protect your genetic data even if you carry out your DNA testing online. With the European law on online data protection you have the possibility to keep control over the use of your data and thus withdraw your consent after use.

How to take a test  private  ?

The democratization of DNA tests opens up access  to quite playful research on the trace of your origins and your ancestors, and also to answer more serious problems such as the detection of certain diseases or the search for a biological relationship between family members.

A private test can be done at home by placing the order with an online laboratory. The material for the test is sent after the order with the sampling instructions. The participant must return his samples by post and receive the results of the analyzes by email or post.

There are 2 types of DNA Test that can provide you with answers about you and your family:  

Relationship DNA tests to verify your parentage:

 

Parentage analysis compares the genetic profiles of two or more people to determine a common biological heritage. In general, the test highlights the similarities and differences that make up your genetic fingerprint and evaluates your match rate in order to give you results corresponding to your search for a relationship.

Under no circumstances can this study be established without comparing different individuals , because your DNA is unique and does not contain the genetic profiles of your family, but only its heritage.

Genealogy DNA tests:  

Genealogy DNA testing examines specific locations in your DNA to estimate ancestral genetic relationships. It allows your genetic profile to be compared and integrated with a database that lists and uses different reference ethnic groups , composed of people tested and whose previous origins are known.  

The genealogy test gives you access to a potential family tree of individuals close to your genetic heritage. As well as relationship matches with people who have also taken the test on their side.

test-généalogie-infotestadn.com

The choice of the laboratory is a very important step when you want to do a DNA test. You should know that not all laboratories offer the same services and depending on several factors it is better to make the choice that suits you.

You must choose a laboratory according to:

- Your family situation and available participants

- The confidence that the laboratory inspires through customer feedback

- The transparency of the company concerning its activities and your expectations

How to choose a reliable Laboratory?